What is Eyelid Surgery?
Blepharoplasty is a cosmetic or plastic surgery involving incision into and removal of excess dermal tissue or adipose tissue (fat) as well as repositioning or enhancement of the corresponding tendons and muscles to ensure stability in the caricature. The aim is to improve the appearance or functional capacity of the periorbita which the region from the upper cheek to the eyebrows. Essentially it involves repurposing the upper half or lower half of the eyelids to ensure that proper visibility or sagging is removed as desired. Since the surgery involves repurposing the eyelids it will not target issues that affect the cornea such as its opaqueness or deformed shape.
Who Can Opt For Eyelid Surgery?
Keeping in mind that blepharoplasty is indeed an invasive procedure and the anatomy needs to be capable enough to self-sustain after surgery and recover at an appreciable pace, certain requirements or prerequisites are considered for patients. Furthermore, all cosmetic requirements need not necessarily warrant an eye surgery while others might not even be influenced by eye surgery. Such conditions have to be kept in mind while before deciding to agree to have a surgery performed.
Healthy individuals who are not afflicted with diseases such as diabetes or leukemia which impairs the body’s ability to heal are preferable candidates. The patients would be even more preferable if they have a clean set of lungs, that is, they do not smoke. Furthermore, individuals must not have any pre-existing eye infections or any debilitating eye conditions.
If the patients have the following issues then they are most likely to benefit from eye surgery.
- If the eyelids are puffy due to accumulation of excess fat.
- If the skin of the upper eyelids sags.
- If there are bags of skin under the lower eyebrows then the chances of emancipation via eyelid surgery are high.
If the client’s complaint is about his/her uneven eyes, crow’s feet, dry eyes, allergy to specific chemicals that might be used in the surgery then they are requested to reconsider their decision for eyelid surgery as the operation might or might not bring about the desired change.
Preparations For Eyelid Surgery
Before going for an eyelid surgery one must arrange a person who can pick you up after you surgery is done. After your surgery is done it would take a while to adjust for you to get on with normal activities as you used to do before. You cannot stay alone once you are through with the procedure, you should also arrange for a person who can stay with you constantly at the night of the procedure in case you are staying alone. You must be prepared for having dry eyes and a bit of a swelling near your eyes. Keep your home stocked with ice cubes, ice packs to soothe the pain. Ask your doctor to recommend some pain killers so you can take the same if the area of the surgery starts paining.
Eyelid Surgery Procedure Steps
- The eyelid surgery is a surgery which takes place in a short period of time. It depends upon if you are going for one eyelid at a time or both the eyelids together. The doctor usually goes for local anesthesia and it is given orally. The surgeon follows a systematic procedure and cuts along the lines which are present naturally on your eyelids. The cuts help the surgeon to separate the tissues from the skin. Excess fat, muscle, and skin are removed from the area and the cuts are stitched to close the cuts. This surgery can also be done through laser as by using an erbium laser fine line can be softened.
- The CO2 laser can also be used for the same. Making a cut along the eyelash margin is another method which is used by most of the surgeons where the surgeon can remove excess fat, muscle, and skin from the area. This does not require stitches because the cutline fades after some period of time. Usually, most of the doctors recommend the laser resurfacing technique as it is quick, easy for the doctor and also less painful for the patient.
Eyelid Surgery Risks And Safety Tips
Eyelid surgery sure comes with some risks which you have to consider before going for it. The risks include bleeding due to the stitches, bruising and swelling of eyes, eyes of the patient cannot handle exposure to sunlight and bright light. The patient also may find difficulties in blinking the eyes as closing the eyes becomes painful. If the surgery does not go well there can be also a need for revision surgery. There are also other risks to be considered like prolonged healing, changes in vision, eyes may become dry. Another great risk is outward rolling of the eyelid as it is really painful and can cause a lot of discomforts. One should only go for the eyelid surgery after taking proper safety measures consulting the doctor and knowing the risks of eyelid surgery beforehand. This surgery is like a permanent surgery and you must, therefore, give a careful thought about it and only after that go for it.
As a consequence of surgery, the eyes become extremely sensitive to light in general and sunlight in particular. Sunglasses, hats, caps and other means of guarding eyes against any strong light sources are recommended. This is because the eyes need to adjust to the changes in the contour of it’s cornea or in this case it’s eyelids. As such rapid blinking to adjust to direct light becomes difficult to co-ordinate by the optic nerves since the dermal layers haven’t yet healed. The neurons have not been calibrated properly for effortless manipulation of eyelids.
Eyelid Surgery Recovery Period
Since surgery is an invasive process, irritation in the eyes is normal and recovery can take up to 10 days or more. The following events may occur after surgery and should be taken into account and compensated for before the surgery is performed.
Swelling and redness should be expected. Bruising of the eyelids as a consequence of surgery may lead to excessive tearing. Ensure sufficient lubrication via ointments is provided. Ointments may lead to blurring of vision. Typically eyes are kept covered with a cloth for the period after surgery. Cold compress may be used to attend to the swelling in the eyelids. Strain on the eyelids due to activities such as reading, watching television or computer should be kept to a minimum. Furthermore it is normal for the eyelids to feel tight and exhausted easily and frequently. Frequent testing is recommended.
While the stitches will be removed within a week or two after the surgery, expect the complete recovery to take more than a few weeks.
Irritation in the eye may prompt rapid rubbing to alleviate pain but doing so may displace the operate tissue still held in place by stitches and repurposed tendons. Doctors may recommend various kinds of eye drops. Some of the eye drops may be numbing eye drop, antibiotic eye drop, steroid eye drop, and lubricating eye drop.
Eyelid Surgery Results
Eyelid surgery is definitely the solution to get back your lost self-confidence and feel good about yourself with a surgery. The results of the eyelid surgery are definitely worth it. Blepharoplasty or in simple terms eyelid lift is the most common type of cosmetic or plastic surgery which is done to lift the eyelids are remove all the dark circles, eye bags and also solves the problem of drooping eyelids.
The eyelid surgery results are indeed noteworthy and it makes your face young and full of life again. A lot of stress or lack of sleep can be the reasons of getting puffy eyes and dead skin around the eyes. This problem is definitely solved due to the eyelid surgery. The eyelid cosmetic surgery also does not have any particular side effects and thus is a foolproof method to get rid of saggy and droopy eyes.
One can get natural looking beautiful eyes with the help of eyelid surgery. The patient’s recovery takes around a week or so and the patients can recover their normal routine after that. After the surgery is done the patient has to visit the doctor to remove the stitches and once that is done the patients can say a permanent goodbye to dark circles, eye bags and droopy eyelids.
Dr. Rajnikant Parmar
M.S ; M.CH (Plastic Surgeon)
Dr. Rajnikant did his M.CH in Plastic Surgery (Gold Medalist) from M. S. University, Vadodara, one the best and most reputed institute for Plastic Surgery, Reconstructive and Cosmetic Surgery all over the world. He has vast knowledge and experience for various Cosmetic and Plastic surgery procedures in India. He is practicing in Vadodara since last 5 years. He has worked with world renowned Aesthetic Surgeons like Dr. Kotaro from Japan. His ability to identify individual problem and analyze everyone’s cosmetic & functional demands and cure each his patients as per the best practices of medical domain makes him unique cosmetic surgeon.
Dr. Deepmala Parmar
Dr. Deepmala Parmar has a keen interest in Aesthetic Dentistry. She has 14 years of experience in Implantology and has placed numerous implants for oral rehabilitation at Kashiba Dental Clinic, Chhani Jakatnaka, Vadodara. She has achieved putting more than 350 dental implants with 100% retention and success ratio. She did her specialized dental implant course from Nair Medical College, Mumbai. In her 14 years of dental practice she has more than 6500 patients with big smiles on their faces..